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Energy Situation in ASEAN: An Overview

I wrote this report last year, so some data are not updated. But I hope this could be a good thing to read to know how the energy situation in ASEAN.

The Association of Southeast Asian Nations, or ASEAN, was established on 8 August 1967 in Bangkok, Thailand, with the signing of the ASEAN Declaration (Bangkok Declaration) by the Founding Fathers of ASEAN, namely Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore and Thailand. Brunei Darussalam then joined on 8 January 1984, Viet Nam on 28 July 1995, Lao PDR and Myanmar on 23 July 1997, and Cambodia on 30 April 1999, making up what is today the ten Member States of ASEAN.[1]

The ASEAN region’s total land area covers 4,435,830 square kilometers. It has a total population of 583,518 thousand in 2008. Total GDP was 1,505,648 million USD and Gross domestic product per capita at current prices on average is 2,580 USD during the same period. The region’s economy has experienced with GDP growing at an annual rate of 4.4 percent in 2008 but in 2009, ASEAN figure is estimated using country growth rates and country share of world GDP valuated in PPP$ from the IMF WEO Database October 2009, the GDP growing was only 1.3 percent.[2]

Since energy is a vital factor in driving economic growth, higher energy consumption can be expected in the coming decades in this part of the world. The Tokyo-based Institute of Energy Economic, Japan projects that the primary energy requirements in the ASEAN will grow at an annual rate of 4.0 percent from 474 MTOE in 2005 to 1252 MTOE in 2030. How to best meet this demand poses a range of policy challenges for the region’s governments not only at the individual but also at the regional level (Symon 2004).

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ASEAN Electrical Tariff 2011

Still talking about Energy Prices, please download the ASEAN Electricity Tariff 2011 for the complete list of electrical tariff in every ASEAN Member Country, in Residential sector, Commercial sector and Industrial Sector.

This data, along with the ASEAN Petroleum Prices 2011, that I posted last week, are part of my study on the ASEAN Energy Prices. Perhaps that I can publish it on the mid of this year.

In the begining of March, I will have a workshop in Chiang Mai, Thailand, discuss about the ASEAN Fuel Policy for Power Generation, joint workshop by ASEAN Centre for Energy (ACE) and Ministry of Energy Thailand under Regional Energy Policy and Planning – Sub Sector Network Program. I hope this workshop can also give inputs for my study.

But for now, enjoy the data.

ASEAN Petroleum Prices 2011

I have published my note on energy price in December 2010. The data on petroleum product were extracted from International Fuel Prices 2009 – GTZ.

As now I am working on the paper of ASEAN Energy Prices, I am pleased to share you the data of Petroleum prices in ASEAN that I get from various source. Of course, this is not the most update data as you know that the oil price is going up now due to Egypt unrest.

But it might be useful for your reference.

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