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Analysis of Energy Problems faced in Asia

On June 9-11, 2001, International Student Energy Summit (ISES) was held in Vancouver, Canada. ISES is empowering the next generation of energy leaders that will support the global transition towards a sustainable energy future.

During the event, there was a session called The Global Student Voice on the Future of Energy. The ISES 2011 Student Assembly had created a master list of pressing energy problems faced globally – both within their home regions, and around the world and requested the public to vote on the ones that feel are the most urgent.

Comprised of members from around the globe, and inspired by the ISES 2011 theme of the “Evolving Energy Ecosystem,” the Student Assembly Team engaged stakeholders within their home regions to gain insight into a vision of a sustainable energy future. The Student Assembly aims to unravel the strands of competing interests of stakeholders, limitations of technology and other forces that prevent the transition to an ideal future. These seemingly “unsolvable” problems were presented to delegates and the public through the ISES blog to generate discussion and debate.

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Brunei Darussalam : Energy Overview

Location map of Brunei

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Located in Southeast Asia, bordering the South China Sea and Malaysia, Brunei is geographically divided by Malaysia into 2 unconnected parts. Brunei has an area of 5,765 square kilometers. Administratively, it is divided into four districts and namely Brunei-Muara, Tutong, Belait and Temburong. The capital city, Bandar Seri Begawan, is located in the Brunei-Muara districts and is where the government operations and major business activities take place.

The population of Brunei is 390 thousand as of 1 July 2007 with a growth rate estimated at 1.8 percent from previous year.

Economy of Brunei is almost totally supported by exports of crude oil and natural gas, with revenues from the petroleum sector accounting for over half of GDP. The GDP at Current market Prices reached US$ 12,317 Million in 2007, or 0.6 percent hiked compare to 2006. It’s equal to US$ 31,582 of GDP per Capita at Current market Prices that makes this country become the 2nd highest per capita incomes among ASEAN countries after Singapore.

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Sunday Watching – Fuel

[youtube=http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v3CBOdgBlk8&feature=watch-now-button&wide=1]

Latest Free Publications and Papers from IEA

Logo of International Energy Agency

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From the email that I got from IEA, I am pleased to share with you the links to the latest free IEA publications and papers.

Saving Electricity in a Hurry

Technology Roadmaps – Geothermal Heat and Power
Carbon Capture and Storage – Legal and Regulatory Review
Gas Emergency Policy: Where do IEA Countries Stand?
Technology Roadmaps – Energy-efficient Buildings: Heating and Cooling Equipment
Co-Generation and Renewables: Solutions for a Low-Carbon Energy Future
Technology Roadmaps – Biofuels for Transport
Technology Roadmaps – Smart Grids

Clean Energy Progress Report
Walking the Torque: Proposed Work Plan for Energy-Efficiency Policy Opportunities for Electric Motor-Driven Systems
IEA Response System for Oil Supply Emergencies
Integration of Renewables – Status and Challenges in China
Interactions of Policies for Renewable Energy and Climate
Cost and Performance of Carbon Dioxide Capture from Power Generation
Technology Development Prospects for the Indian Power Sector
Development of Energy Efficiency Indicators in Russia
Energy Transition for Industry: India and the Global Context 

I found the publications from them are very useful. Lot of publications that we can get for free by download it from the internet, or if you have chance, like me, to visit their office in Paris, you may ask the print copy also.

Anyway, some of IEA colleagues are also very kind to give me the not-for-free copy for free. ;-)

Fukushima Report : No.3

Following the two previous reports, here I share you the Fukushima Report : No.3 as I received from Japanese WEC Members. I received it on 30 June 2011 but don’t have any chance to upload it.

Some points that we can resumed from this report, as informed by KNI-WEC, are:

1. Nearly four months have passed since the coastal region of northeastern Japan was struck by a magnitude-9 earthquake and an ensuing tsunami.

2. At Fukushima Nuclear Power Station, steady progress has been made toward cold shutdown despite some obstacles to comply with the schedule of the roadmap announced by Tokyo Electric Power (TEPCO) on April 17.

3. Meanwhile, the status of radioactive fallout due to hydrogen explosions that occurred on March 12 and 14 has gradually become clear as the investigation and analysis of soil and other samples has proceeded. Accordingly, public concern over the fallout has grown, as the argument that even low doses of radiation may be suffered attracting increasing attention.

4. In addition, as the summer is approaching, there are growing worries over the impact of the shutdown of nuclear power plants on the supply-demand power balance across Japan.

5. Meanwhile, there is an argument from various sectors that the development of renewable energy should be enhanced as a future energy option. Taking heed of such argument, Prime Minister Kan has shown his eagerness to introduce a bill to promote renewable energy, which states further expansion of the feed-in tariff system.

6. This month, our report will focus on the current status of Fukushima Nuclear Power Plants, the establishment of Investigation Committee on the Accidents at the Fukushima Nuclear Power Station of TEPCO, and the impact of the nuclear disaster on the supply-demand power balance.

You may download Fukushima Report No 3 to gain complete information or read the previous report 1 and 2.

Rural Electrification in Southeast Asia

Around 160.3 million people in Southeast Asia haven’t had any access to electricity and almost 80% of them live in rural and remote areas.

Rural electrification is the process of bringing electricity to rural and remote areas. Electricity is being used not only for lighting and household purposes, but it also allows people to perform mechanization of many farming operations, such as threshing, milking, and hoisting grain for storage; in areas facing labor shortages, it resulted greater productivity at lower cost.

Energy alone is insufficient to maintain economic growth, but it is certainly necessary and access to electricity is one of the clearest and undistorted indications of a country’s energy poverty status.

Southeast Asia has made dramatic efforts in increasing the electrification rates in both rural and urban areas with an electrification rate jumping from 42.8% to 60.2% in only 6 years. Singapore led the progress by reaching full electrification of 100%, followed by Brunei Darussalam (99.7%), Malaysia (99.4%), Thailand (99.3%), and Vietnam (89.30%). However, Myanmar still stays at very low rate of 13%, Cambodia at 24% and Indonesia alone has more than 80 million people without access to electricity. In total, there are still 160.3 million people in the region has no access to electricity and almost 80% of them live in rural and remote areas.

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