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Analysis of Energy Problems faced in Asia

On June 9-11, 2001, International Student Energy Summit (ISES) was held in Vancouver, Canada. ISES is empowering the next generation of energy leaders that will support the global transition towards a sustainable energy future.

During the event, there was a session called The Global Student Voice on the Future of Energy. The ISES 2011 Student Assembly had created a master list of pressing energy problems faced globally – both within their home regions, and around the world and requested the public to vote on the ones that feel are the most urgent.

Comprised of members from around the globe, and inspired by the ISES 2011 theme of the “Evolving Energy Ecosystem,” the Student Assembly Team engaged stakeholders within their home regions to gain insight into a vision of a sustainable energy future. The Student Assembly aims to unravel the strands of competing interests of stakeholders, limitations of technology and other forces that prevent the transition to an ideal future. These seemingly “unsolvable” problems were presented to delegates and the public through the ISES blog to generate discussion and debate.

The idea of this event was very interesting. I believe that everyone of us should involve to think about the sustainability of our energy future. That’s why I answered yes, I would like to contribute when Mr. Nick Choy from ISES contacted me for a discussion on the energy problem in Southeast Asia.

I am glad to be able to contribute to the paper of analysis of energy problems faced in Asia, that presented by Muhummad Iqbal, a student from University of Indonesia, represent Asia on this summit.

Elaborated the input from sub region analysis, my part was Southeast Asia, he identified what’s the problem exist. On the paper, he wrote:

The future of energy in Asia, it is predicted, will be very critical in the coming decades. This is because Asia’s energy demand will grow more rapidly than other regions, reflecting its high economic growth. Total primary energy demand in Asia will reach 9.0 Btoe in 2035, a 2.1-fold increase from 2008. Specifically, oil demand in Asia will increase from 1.4 Btoe in 2008 to 2.6 Btoe in 2035, showing a 1.9-fold increase from 2008. Gas demand in Asia will increase from 0.7 Btoe in 2008 to 1.9 Btoe in 2035, showing a 2.8-fold increase from 2008. Coal demand in Asia will increase from 2.0 Btoe in 2008 to 3.6 Btoe in 2035, exhibiting a price increase of 1.8 times from 2008. The world’s total primary energy demand will reach 17.8 billion tons of oil equivalent in 2035, a 1.6-fold increase from 2008. Totally, its share in the world primary energy demand will be 50% in 2035. It means, Asia will represent 72% of incremental growth of global energy demand toward 2035. At this rate, coal and oil will continue to maintain the dominant share in Asian energy demand toward 2035. But in fact, the outlook of energy supply in Asia is showing a great decline.

In the paper, he also looked into the scenario to attaining energy security without affecting climate change due to rapid population and economic growth, the possibility to using renewable energy to meet the transportation requirements of increasing urbanization – How can we switch China’s public transit to run renewable energy sources?, and fostering biofuels, particularly from algae, to replace fossil fuels in China.

You may download the analysis here, and find out the analysis of another regions here.

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