In ASEAN, Hydro is not Renewable Energy?
If you are familiar with ASEAN Plan of Action for Energy Cooperation 2010-2015 (pdf), you will notice that one of ASEAN’s Strategic Goals for Program Area No. 5. Renewable Energy is to achieve a collective target of 15% for regional renewable energy in the total power installed capacity by 2015.
Where are we now? It’s a simple but difficult to answer. Why, because among ten (10) ASEAN Member States, we have ten (10) definitions of RE and classification of hydro as renewable energy or not. Most of discussion is related to the environmental issue.
Here the recap that I can share you.
Actually, during the SOME Preparatory Meeting for the 29th ASEAN Ministers on Energy Meeting last September in Brunei Darussalam, the Meeting discussed on tracking the implementation of the collective target of 15% of renewable energy in the region’s total installed power capacity by 2015 and agreed on the following:
- To include hydropower in the definition of RE, however the limitations on the hydropower plant capacity are subject to national regulations; and
- To propose using “actual production” instead of the “total installed capacity” in the calculation of the share of RE.
And from the 29th AMEM itself, RE definition agreed but subject to domestic regulation on limitation of hydropower capacity.
Base on this, we are we now?
So, simple but difficult, isn’t?
More simple with HAPUA, The 28th Meeting of HAPUA Council which was convened in Brunei Darussalam on 06th June 2012, agreed that any hydro power plant in what size and type is considered renewable energy in HAPUA context. From HAPUA Council Members Joint Statement, the HAPUA Council committed to continue RE development to achieve more than 15% and above towards realizing ASEAN Master plan 2015.
There will the 19th Annual Meeting of Renewable Energy Sub-Sector Network of the ASEAN Energy Cooperation, to be held on 20 June 2012, I hope now we can come up with one definition.
- ‘Sustainable energy for all’ means Asean’s rural regions too (eco-business.com)
- Information: ASEAN Hydropower Competence Centre (HYCOM) (talkenergy.wordpress.com)