ASEAN Electricity Tariff 2014
Finally, I finished the new list for electricity pricing in all of ASEAN countries as of May 2014. The first edition was in 2011, and then I updated it in 2012. And more good news, all of these data are actually public domain. You could get it just by googling it. Although some data is difficult to found as there are only available on national language.
But, different with two previous versions, I am no longer making a complete table showing the old number and the update for each main sector; residential, commercial, and industrial. The new list is for the new data only, which is being implied now (May 2014) in each ASEAN countries. So, if you want to see how the price are going up (or down) in any particular country, just get all the lists and do it by yourself.
But… I made a complete comparison table for Residential sector (only). Here are some good features:
As you could see from the list, for Residential sector, each country has its own categorization. Take Brunei Darussalam for example. It has four pricing category based on your monthly consumption; 1-600 kWh/month, 601-2,000 kWh/month, 2,001-4,000 kWh/month, and 4,001 kWh/month and up, in which has different tariff for each. Meanwhile, in Lao PDR the category is divided into; 0-25 kWh/month, 26-150 kWh/month, and more than 150 kWh/month, each has different tariff. So, I made the table in which accommodate the kWh interval from all of countries.
Tariff is provided in US$. Yes!!! Different with the previous version – in which tariff is only available in LCU or Local Currency Unit –, now I provide you the in US$ using exchange rate data from World bank for the year 2012 (current price).
Information on the type of tariff is also provided, whether it’s progressive, ladder, flat, or flat per voltage. Make sure you check this info when you calculating the tariff. Here is the clue for calculation:
- (Example of) Rule for tariff is: 0-10 kWh = $0.10/unit // 11-20 kWh = $0.08/unit // 21-30 kWh = $0.06/unit // More than 31 kWh = $0.04/unit
- So, if your consumption is 25 unit, you should pay 25x$0.06 for latter (equal to $1.5) or 10x$0.10+10x$0.08+5x$0.06 (equal to $2.1).
Special note: while Myanmar, Singapore and Philippines apply flat tariff, Indonesia actually also apply flat tariff (please dismiss the lowest sector that is being subsidized). But, the unique thing is, Indonesia set different flat tariff for each voltage level: 1,300 VA and 2,200 VA have different flat tariff. So, I include the lowest and highest flat tariff.
The list of electricity tariff for Residential in each ASEAN Countries is shown in Table 1 below.
(Some additional notes: Cambodia: data for only Phnom Penh and Kandal Province, Indonesia: Post-paid rate for 1,300 VA as floor price and 6,600 VA as ceiling price, Philippines: Luzon island only, Thailand: MEA with Normal Tariff with consumption not exceeding 150 kWh per month)
The range of tariff in each country -lowest and highest- from each category is shown in Figure 1 below. Malaysia has the widest interval $0.071/kWh for the lowest consumption and $0.185/kWh for the highest consumption.
Taking the average value as the benchmark point from each country, Figure 2 shows you which country has the highest or the lowest tariff in the region. Yes, the highest is Singapore, but do you grab the second place? It’s Cambodia.
As you may see in the Figure above, Brunei has the lowest tariff, and then Myanmar, and then continue until Cambodia and Singapore as the second and the first highest tariff in the region. The fact that Cambodian pay higher than the people in Thai or Indonesia is quite an issue for me. Let see how it work if we compare the data with GDP, as shown in Figure 3 below.
Singapore case; it’s quite understandable – high GDP per capita with high electricity tariff. But, Cambodia as the second lowest GDP per capita PPP 2012$ in the region pay higher than his neighbors. The most happy case is absolutely the people in Brunei Darussalam.
OK, that’s all for Domestic. Next is for Commercial and Industrial. Let’s see whether I have time in June to do this.
Anyway, as you are waiting the complete information about the Electricity Tariff in ASEAN as of May 2014, here is the xls file: Original Data of Electricity Tariff in ASEAN_May 2014 and here is the xls file for Domestic Tariff: Electricity Tariff for Domestic in ASEAN_May 2014
[August 6th, 2014: please email me if you need the xls files]