Around 160.3 million people in Southeast Asia haven’t had any access to electricity and almost 80% of them live in rural and remote areas.
Rural electrification is the process of bringing electricity to rural and remote areas. Electricity is being used not only for lighting and household purposes, but it also allows people to perform mechanization of many farming operations, such as threshing, milking, and hoisting grain for storage; in areas facing labor shortages, it resulted greater productivity at lower cost.
Energy alone is insufficient to maintain economic growth, but it is certainly necessary and access to electricity is one of the clearest and undistorted indications of a country’s energy poverty status.
Southeast Asia has made dramatic efforts in increasing the electrification rates in both rural and urban areas with an electrification rate jumping from 42.8% to 60.2% in only 6 years. Singapore led the progress by reaching full electrification of 100%, followed by Brunei Darussalam (99.7%), Malaysia (99.4%), Thailand (99.3%), and Vietnam (89.30%). However, Myanmar still stays at very low rate of 13%, Cambodia at 24% and Indonesia alone has more than 80 million people without access to electricity. In total, there are still 160.3 million people in the region has no access to electricity and almost 80% of them live in rural and remote areas.