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Handout on Energy Efficiency Energy Action Plan Approaches and Resources (Part 2)

An Energy Efficiency Action Plan (EEAP) is developed through a multi-step process.  The following guidelines for EEAP development present potential steps and considerations based on the experience of energy efficiency action plans from around the world, with resources identified for further information.  This document is based in part on the IEA’s Energy Efficiency Governance Handbook, 2010. (

Part 2 of 2.

Step 6: Distribution of Responsibilities and Accountability: Specific action items (i.e., the implementation of policies and programs) must be assigned and integrated into current sector level programs and plans.  Also, it is important to establish accountability for the plan’s effectiveness.  Centralized accountability may simplify plan management and facilitate better coordination and evaluation. Conversely, distributed accountability engages a wider community in support of the plan by expanding ownership of policy and program impacts.

Step 7: Circulation, Discussion, and Refinement of the Energy Efficiency Action Plan.  Draft plans should be broadly shared for review by key government policymakers and business and NGO stakeholders.  This will both help determine whether adjustments may be needed to strengthen the EAAP and will also build support of these stakeholders for plan implementation.   

Step 8: Implementation: The lead agencies should be given the necessary authority and resources to implement measures for which they are responsible. These lead agencies should assign specific individuals with responsibility for implementation and track progress.

Step 9: Review of Action Plan Impacts and Progress:  Measurement and assessment of the impacts of specific policies and programs can inform whether there are aspects of the EEAP that are not being fully implemented or are not as effective as anticipated.  Also, action items that are achieving targeted objectives can inform an adjustment of other policies, programs, and regulations (i.e., are there aspects that are replicable and internal lessons to be learned?).  If goals are not being met, an evaluation of the cause(s) can result in refinements of the EEAP.

  • The U.S. National Action Plan “Model Energy Efficiency Program Impact Evaluation Guide” provides suggestions on model approaches for calculating energy, demand, and emissions savings resulting from energy efficiency programs.


Step 10:  Ongoing Adjustments to the Plan:  Countries should establish a process for regular refinements and updates to the EEAP to reflect results to date and changes in market or policy considerations. This can include an annual review and adjustment process.

  • International Programs that Can Support Plan Development and Implementation

Countries can seek assistance from international programs with design and implementation of their EEAP. This includes support from bilateral and multilateral donor agencies, as well as initiatives supporting energy efficiency policies.  IPEEC can assist countries in exploring opportunities to receive assistance from donor programs and multilateral initiatives.    Two initiatives that can provide action plan technical assistance are highlighted below:

  • The Clean Energy Solutions Center ( is a partnership of UN-Energy and the Clean Energy Ministerial.  The Clean Energy Solutions Center serves both as a clearinghouse of policy best practices reports, tools and data, as well as a forum for delivery of expert assistance and peer learning on energy efficiency and renewable energy.  In partnership with IPEEC, the Clean Energy Solutions Center has technical experts available to provide remote assistance to countries with energy efficiency action plans and policies.  This includes review of plan design, analysis methodologies and results, policy options, and implementation strategies.  Requests for such assistance can be made through the Solutions Center “Ask an Expert” service ( or through IPEEC.
  • Super-efficient Equipment and Appliance Deployment Initiative (SEAD)

SEAD is a joint initiative of the Clean Energy Ministerial and IPEEC that engages governments and the private sector in transforming markets for energy efficient equipment and appliances.  Among its activities, SEAD offers expert assistance with policies and programs to advance use of energy efficient products, such as incentives, procurements, standards, and labelling programs, procurements, and awards and recognition.

Additional Examples of Energy Efficiency Action Plans:

  • French EEAP:


  • Hungarian EEAP:


Note: For full version, please download IPEEC WEACT_Handout for EEAP workshop_14oct2011rev.

(Credit to Ron Beniof, NREL USA)

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